is the obligatory amount that one must give out, to its rightful
recipients, of the wealth that has met a Specific minimum and special
conditions. It is cleansing of the person and a purification of his
soul. As Allah says;
their goods take alms, so that you may purify and sanctify them"
is one of the Five pillars of islam.
is an obligation from Allah upon every Muslim who possesses the minimum
amount of wealth given certain conditions.
type of wealth upon which zakat is obligatory
The zakaat on monetary Assets : Gold,Silver and currency
of 2.5% is obligatory on gold if the amount one owns reaches twenty
Mithqaal (i.e one Mithqaal is about 4 grams).
of 2.5% is obligatory on Silver if the amount one owns reaches two
currency actually depends on the value of the currency.So if the
currency value reaches the equivalent of the nisab of either
gold or silver then zakat become obligatory on the currency.
Nisab is the minimum
amount of either gold or silver that requires on to pay zakaat.
You could check the current value of the nisab in your local currency here.
Go to the page and click on the most current date.
The zakaat on livestock
obligatory on livestock such as camels,cattle,sheeps and goat if
they are tended to for a year or more,freely grazing in a pasture land
or vacant open lands.
there amount reach the nisab and are in ones possession for a whole
year,one pay zakaat on them if they were held for the purpose of
milking and reproduction.
The amount to be paid for sheep and
goat are shown below:
The minimum nisaab below which one is not required to pay no zakat is
forty (40) sheeps or goats.
to be payed
every additional 100
additional Sheep or Goat
The amount to be paid for cattle are shown below:
* The amount to be
paid for cattle with thirty being the minimum nisaab below which one is
not required to pay no zakat
to be payed
young bull or Cow of One year old
young Cow of Two year old
young Cows of One year old
an additional 30
young Cow of One year old (that is for 90 cattles then you pay Three
one year old cow and for 120 you pay 4 one year cow and so on)
an additional 40
young Cows of One year old (That is for 80 cattles
you pay two cows of two years old and so on)
The amount to be paid for Camels are shown below:
* The amount to be
paid for Camels with five being the minimum nisaab below which one is
not required to pay no zakat
to be payed
she-Camel which is One year old
she-Camel which is Two years old
she-Camel which is Three years old
Four years old
three year old camels
every additional forty
young she-camel is due
for additional 50
years old she camel is due
If the livestock
(camel,cattle sheep and goat) are for trade and
investment and they are owned for one year, then 2.5% of there value
will be given as zakaat.
if they are not for trade then there is no such zakaat.
paying zakat only female animals are acceptable. A male is not
sufficient except in the case of cattle or when given a camel which is
a year or two years or three years old instead of a she-camel Or if all
the livestock are male.
The zakaat On Agricultural produce
is obligatory on all grains and all produce that are measured by
dry volume and stored. Example are dates and raisins. The nisaab is
three hundred saa (300) or approximately 624 Kilograms.
varieties of the same produce, such as dates will be weighed together
to reach the nisaab.
is obligatory Concerning Grains and Produce
(1) One tenth
(al-ushr) of the produce is to be given from the produce
of land that is naturally irrigated,such as by rain water only
One twentieth is to be given from the produce of the land that is
irrigated by man-engineered means, such as by water from canals (and so
Three quater of one tenth is to be given if the produce was
partially irrigated naturally and partially irrigated by man-engineered
is no zakat on vegetable and fruit if they are for the purpose of
trade. However, 2.5% of their value is given if they reach the level of
nisaab and are in one's possession for one year.
is derived from the sea, such as pearls,rubies and fish,have no
zakaat on them. However, if they are kept for trade purpose,2.5% of
there value is to paid if they reach the nisaab and are in one's
possession for an entire year.
refer to buried treasures in the earth. It is obligatory to
give one-fifth of that (al-khums),regardless of whether it be a large
or small amount. This money is to be given to the same categories of
those who receive the Fai (wealth taken from an enemy
with no fighting). The remaining four-fifths goes to the person who
found the treasure.
zakaat on Merchandise Goods
Goods are those that are kept for the purpose of buying and
selling in order to make a profit,whether they be immovable
property,food,drink,utensil and so forth.
the value of the merchandise goods reaches the nisaab (of
monetary assets) and if the goods are in one's possession for one year,
then zakaat becomes obligatory upon them. 2.5% of the total value is to
be given.It is permissible to give 2.5% of the actual goods themselves
the person who holds such goods intends simply to possess them
and not deal in business with them,there is no zakat on them.
payment for a share or profit from trade have zakaat on them
if the original principle has been in the person's possession for a
year and the amount reaches the nisaab.
Acts when Paying Zakaat
One should pay the zakaat openly so that he would be free of any
One should distribute it himself to ensure that it gets to its rightful
Upon paying it,one should say "O Allah,make it a beneficial gain and do
not make it a loss."
The one who recieves the zakaat should say, "May Allah reward you
for what you have given and bless you in what remains with you and make
it purifying for you"
It is recommended to give it to poor relatives for whom one is not
recipients of zakaat
group of people to whom one should is allowed to give zakaat are eight.
They are ones mentioned in Allah's statement;
"Alms are for the
poor and the needy, and those employed to administer
the (funds); for those whose hearts are to be reconciled (to the
truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah; and
for the wayfarer: (thus it is ) ordained by Allah, and Allah is full of
knoledge and wisdom" (Al-Taubah 60)
they are as follows;
The poor; those who cannot meet some of their basic needs,
The needy; those who meet most or half of their basic needs
Those employed to administer the funds; those who collect and watch
over the funds-but this is only if they do not receive a wage.
Those whose hearts are to be reconciled to the truth: those leaders
of their people who one hopes will embrace islam or those who are to be
given to repel their harm or by given to them one hopes to strengthen
their faith or have someone similar embrace islam.
Those in bondage: those slaves who have made agreements with their
masters to pay for their freedom.
Those in dept; this group falls into two categories: (a)
those who have incurred a dept reconcile opposing parties and (b) a
person himself who has fallen into dept and does not have the means to
In the cause of Allah:to those volunteer fighters striving for the
sake of Allah and those calling to the way of Allah and whatever helps
and support their activities.
Wayfarers; those travelers who are cut off from their homeland and
do not have wealth with them that will allow them to reach their homes.
From the book Fiqh
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